The Publications Office of the European Union is in the process of updating some of the content on this website in the light of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. If the site contains content that does not yet reflect the withdrawal of the United Kingdom, it is unintentional and will be addressed.
The information on this site is subject to a disclaimer, a copyright notice and rules related to personal data protection.
The European Commission maintains this website to enhance public access to information about its initiatives and European Union policies in general. Our goal is to keep this information timely and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However the Commission accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information on this site.
This information is:
- of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity;
- not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
- sometimes linked to external sites over which the Commission services have no control and for which the Commission assumes no responsibility;
- not professional or legal advice (if you need specific advice, you should always consult a suitably qualified professional).
Please note that it cannot be guaranteed that a document available on-line exactly reproduces an officially adopted text. Only the Official Journal of the European Union (its printed edition, or since 1 July 2013 its electronic edition made available on the EUR-Lex website), is authentic and produces legal effects.
© European Union, 1995-2019
Reuse is authorised, provided the source is acknowledged. The reuse policy of the European Commission is implemented by a Decision of 12 December 2011 [728KB]
The general principle of reuse can be subject to conditions which may be specified in individual copyright notices. Therefore, users are advised to refer to the copyright notices of the individual websites maintained under Europa and of the individual documents. Reuse is not applicable to documents subject to intellectual property rights of third parties.
It is our goal to minimize disruption caused by technical errors. However some data or information on our site may have been created or structured in files or formats that are not error-free and we cannot guarantee that our service will not be interrupted or otherwise affected by such problems. The Commission accepts no responsibility with regard to such problems incurred as a result of using this site or any linked external sites.
This disclaimer is not intended to limit the liability of the Commission in contravention of any requirements laid down in applicable national law nor to exclude its liability for matters which may not be excluded under that law.
The European Data Portal is developed by the European Commission with the support of a consortium led by Capgemini Consulting, including INTRASOFT International, Fraunhofer FOKUS, con terra, Sogeti, 52 North, the Lisbon Council, Time.Lex and the University of Southampton.
Contract number: LC-00644764
SMART number: 2017-1123
Personal Data Protection
The European Union is committed to user privacy. This website and all services provided through it are provided in accordance with Regulation (EC) N° 45/2001 [234 KB] of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2000, as well as the Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 (General Data Protection Regulation).
Although you can browse through this website and use some of its services without directly giving any information about yourself, in some cases, personal information is required in order to provide the e-services you request.
This website and all services provided through it are offered to you on behalf of the European Union, although some information that we provide originates from third parties (see “Personal data provided by third parties” below). For any information or questions in relation to data protection on this website or its e-services, you can contact us via the channels provided on the contact page.
Personal data processed via this website may relate to information you provide to us directly (by creating a user account or by contacting us, including by responding to surveys, through the contact page, or by subscribing to our newsletter), or indirectly (through automated personal data collection via your browser).
In the former case (data that you directly provide to us), the personal data processed by us is limited to the personal data that you choose to provide, which may include your name, contact information, affiliation and any other information you choose to divulge. Such information will solely be used for the following purposes:
- communicating with you in response to any requests you make;
- providing you with access to the e-services you wish to use, including through the use of the external EU-Login authentication system;
- customize the information or e-services that are of interest to you;
- creating aggregate and anonymous statistics of user behaviour on our site, specifically with the objective of understanding its use, and improving the site and ensuring its correct functioning;
- to detect and address any abuses or security issues;
- the purposes divulged to you at the time of data collection, e.g. survey analysis or provision of newsletters.
In the latter case (data that is automatically collected), the personal data is limited to the following categories of information:
- cookies, as described here
- the type of web browser software you use;
- the name of the domain from which you access the Internet;
- the Internet address of the website from which you linked directly to the site;
- the date and time you access the Site;
- which pages you have visited on the Site.
Such information will be used exclusively for the purposes of creating aggregate and anonymous statistics of user behaviour on our site, specifically with the objective of improving the site and ensuring its correct functioning; customizing the information or e-services that are of interest to you; and to detect and address any abuses or security issues.
The legal basis of our processing activities is, insofar as you choose to provide personal data to us, your consent. Furthermore, in relation to data that is automatically collected by us, the legal basis for processing in relation to cookies is your consent. For other types of data which are automatically collected, the legal basis is also our legitimate interest in keeping the website fully operational and optimally functional.
Your data will not be divulged to third parties without your consent, with the exception of third parties engaged by us to operate and support this site. These third parties are bound by agreements that ensure compliance with this policy. Your personal data will not be transferred to a third country or international organisation.
We take reasonable steps to protect your personal data from loss, misuse, and unauthorized access, disclosure, alteration, or destruction. You should however keep in mind that no Internet transmission is ever 100% secure or error-free.
Your personal data will be retained by us for as long as you continue to use the site and any e-services related to the site, including by maintaining an account on this website, or for as long as required for us to manage our legal responsibilities. Personal data that is automatically collected will not be retained by us for more than a year after your most recent visit.
You have the right to request access to and rectification or erasure of your information, or to restrict the processing of your information, and to object to its processing (including by withdrawing your consent, as applicable), as well as the right to data portability. In order to exercise these rights or to obtain information on the applicable modalities, please contact us using the information above. Please note that the exercise of your rights may be subject to restrictions, e.g. in order to allow us to comply with applicable laws or to protect the data protection rights of third parties. You have the right to lodge a complaint with your data protection authority.
Personal data provided by third parties
Please note that our website contains links to third party sites and resources provided by third parties (notably via open data repositories and social media integration). Furthermore, our website publishes specific metadata relating to these resources, which are obtained directly from the information included in these resources. This metadata may contain personal data, such as the names and contact data of the persons involved in creating or managing these resources.
Our website publishes such personal data on the basis of our legitimate interest in ensuring that the information which is made publicly available by the original data source is accurately reflected in our repository, and that third parties might be able to contact the relevant persons in the way desired by the original data source. It is processed solely for the purposes of facilitating the accessibility and usability of the open data repositories which are discoverable via this website.
However, since we do not control the third party resources or the original personal data contained therein, we cannot vouch for its accuracy, completeness or relevance, nor cannot detect when it is confidential or published by mistake. Such resources are provided without assurances (explicit or implied) of their lawfulness or fitness for your purposes. We encourage any user of our website to review the relevant privacy policies of the original sources and to adhere to them, and to address any relevant data protection rights requests relating to those third party resources to the original source, which will result in our own data being automatically corrected in time.
If addressing the matter with the original sources does not solve your issue, or if you feel that our use of the personal data is not in compliance with data protection law irrespective of the lawfulness of the original source, please contact us using the information above and we will address the concern to the best of our ability. The same procedures and rights apply as to personal data that we collect ourselves. Note however that we cannot assume responsibility for third party compliance with data protection law, and that you at any rate are and remain fully responsible for complying with data protection law for any processing activities you undertake in relation to personal data obtained via this site and via the e-services.
What is an e-service?
- Information services that provide citizens, media, business, administrations and other decision makers with easy and effective access to information, thus increasing transparency and understanding of the policies and activities of the EU;
- Interactive communication services that allow better contacts with citizens, business, civil society and public actors thus facilitating policy consultations, and feedback mechanisms, in order to contribute to the shaping of policies, the activities and the services of the EU;
- Transaction services that allow access to all basic forms of transactions with the EU, e.g. procurement, financial operations, recruitment, event enrolment, acquisition or purchase of documents etc.
How do we treat e-mails you send us?
When you send such a message, your personal data is collected only to the extent necessary to reply. If the management team of the mailbox is unable to answer your question, it will forward your e-mail to another service. You will be informed, via e-mail, about which service your question has been forwarded to.
If you have any questions about the processing of your e-mail and related personal data, do not hesitate to include them in your message.
The designations employed and the presentation of material in data or maps offered through this website do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the European Union concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Kosovo*: This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244/1999 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence. Palestine*: This designation shall not be construed as recognition of a State of Palestine and is without prejudice to the individual positions of the Member States on this issue.