Using sustainable and green energy sources can contribute to the preservation of the planet. Until now, European consumers and industries are still dependent on fossil fuels, such as oil, gas and coal. Renewable energy is a sustainable alternative for using fossil fuels and can be generated from the sun, wind, water, earth warmth and biomass. Several European countries that work with these sustainable energy sources and collect data on the process will be touched upon in this article.
In Belgium, an approach has been chosen to focus on the climate policy on a city council level, which seeks to reduce the CO2 pollution with at least 20% by 2020 and proposing goals for 2030. One way to do this is by generating energy in newly build hydroelectric stations and existing ones such as sluices, as the report REV2030 shows.
In Switzerland, an Energy City Label is introduced to certify municipalities that develop and implement sustainable energy policies. Several municipalities have been awarded the label, based on their efforts to promote renewable energy, ecological mobility and their focus on the efficient use of resources.
One of Luxembourg's key areas is solar energy. This related overview of figures shows that the kWh's coming from solar energy have been rising every year. In addition to this, the kWh's coming from gas have been decreasing since 2015.
The United Kingdom keeps a Renewable Energy Planning Database, which tracks the progress of renewable energy projects. The planning and application, as well as the construction and operational side of the process, is monitored.
By focusing on renewable energy, the European countries could become less dependent on scarce resources. Are you curious on how your country's activities in renewable energy are progressing? Look it up in the European Data Portal and find out yourself!